Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement

Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS Template) delivered in Microsoft Word format for easy editing.

Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement

Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS)

Whether you need to get on site to start work, looking to create a safe work environment or pitching for that next big contract or government tender - the Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement is easy to customise, easy to use and integrate into your current Safety Management System. If you don't have a Safety Management System, we need to talk, seriously, you don't need to be carrying that level of risk exposure in your business - we can help.

Look, we understand that business should be rewarding and not consumed by tedious red tape. The Safe Work Method Statement Template we create is in an easy to understand format, while at the same time being some of the highest quality documents in the industry. Our SWMS documents get you onsite, save you loads of time and are very user-friendly. This way, you can get on with doing what you do best.

The Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) covers the following Job Steps, including potential hazards, control measures and risk ratings:

  1. Planning and preparation
  2. Training and capabilities
  3. Assess onsite conditions
  4. Set up work area
  5. Temporary Traffic Control (TMP)
  6. Delivery of materials and equipment
  7. Competency requirements
  8. General precautions
  9. Front end loader
  10. Rubber tired backhoe
  11. Tracked excavator
  12. Mini-excavator
  13. On completion

The Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement Includes

Risk Assessment Matrix | Hierarchy of Controls | PPE | Emergency Response

Your Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement is ready to be used in three easy steps:

  1. Add your company logo and details to the SWMS Template.
  2. Identify site specific risks.
  3. Address any site specific risks and add them to your SWMS Template.

Now that your Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) is ready for use, you can also make the SWMS document available as a training resource for activities such as WHS-OHS Toolbox Meeting Talks or Workplace Inductions.

Bluesafe Quick Tips:

  1. When lifting with an excavator attach loads only to the points provided and approved by the manufacturer.
  2. When lifting capacity is determined for the arm, the boom must be in its transport position.
  3. When lift capacity is determined for the boom, the arm must be fully rotated outward.

Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement

  • Detailed and pre-filled Excavator Use As Crane Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Immediate Download Delivery.
  • Fully editable Safe Work Method Statement Template.
  • Easy to customise - instructions included.
  • Referenced to AS/NZS (Standards) and Legislation. 
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View a Safe Work Method Statement Example

See an example of a Safe Work Method Statement Template below. All our SWMS Template documents are comprehensive in nature, easy to use, and are a huge time saver. Our Safe Work Method Statement Templates are quick and easy to customise to your specific business or operation and are perfectly suited for every day use, for larger contracts and tenders right through to qualifying for contractor management platforms such as CM3.

What is a Safe Work Method Statement?

A SWMS is a document that outlines the high-risk construction work activities that will be performed at a workplace, the hazards that will be present as a result of these activities, and the controls that will be implemented to mitigate the risks.

A single SWMS can be utilised for numerous high-risk construction work activities, such as employing powered mobile plant, working at heights of more than 2 metres, and working near to a road that is used by traffic other than pedestrians.

A SWMS is an administrative control that is used to support higher-order controls, such as engineering controls, that are designed to remove or reduce hazards to health and safety.

A SWMS differs from other documentation such as a Job Safety Analysis or a Safe Operating Procedure in that it focuses on specific jobs or processes. A SWMS isn't meant to be a procedure; rather, it's a tool for supervisors and workers to check and monitor the workplace control measures. For high-risk work activities, a PCBU (Person Conducting a Business or Undertaking)  must prepare a Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) or check that one has been prepared before starting work. It is important to note that before any work process has started, a SWMS must be prepared.

A PCBU, on the other hand, also must manage health and safety hazards by eliminating or reducing them as much as possible. Before beginning any work on a project, the principal contractor must also obtain a copy of the SWMS.

What information does a Safe Work Method Statement need to contain?

A Safe Work Method Statement should identify high-risk work and any specify hazards related to high-risk construction work as well as any health and safety risks. The SWMS should describe the risk-control measures to be implemented, monitored, and reviewed and also should describe how the risk-control measures will be effective at reducing or eliminating the risk, and how they will be implemented, monitored, and reviewed.

A Safe Work Method Statement should be concise and focus on outlining the specific risks identified for the high-risk work to be performed, as well as the control measures to be implemented to ensure that the work is completed safely.

A long and overly complex Safe Work Method Statement which could be difficult to comprehend, implement and monitor or review may be confusing for workers to mentally digest and therefore is not ideal in helping to reduce or eliminate risks in the workplace. It is imperative that workers, and especially those who do not speak English, are able to understand the Safe Work Method Statement. Consider having pictures or diagrams added to the SWMS as a more effective way of presenting information contained within the SWMS.

The SWMS should also contain other regulatory requirements to protect health and safety of all personnel, such as controlling noise exposure and manual job risks. Also, keep in mind that evidence of a completed risk assessment may be required by the regulator or for auditing reasons if the Safe Work Method Statement is based on a workplace-specific risk assessment.

Who's Responsible for creating the Safe Work Method Statement?

In collaboration with workers who will be directly engaged in the activity, the person responsible for carrying out the work is usually best equipped to prepare the SWMS document. In most cases, this means that a Safe Work Method Statement is created by the builder for his or her employees, or by the subcontractor for their employees.

To establish who is in the best position to prepare the Safe Work Method Statement, the principle contractor, builder, and/or subcontractors should decide who will take responsibility for the SWMS.

It's also a requirement that all managers, contractors, supervisors, and workers be involved in the creation of a Safe Work Method Statement. Workers must be consulted so that they understand the SWMS in depth and what they must do to establish and maintain risks and implement control measures to manage the risk. Sharing information and utilising workers' knowledge and experience may also aid in ensuring that the task is completed in accordance with the SWMS.

If your workplace has a Health and Safety Representative, they should also be contacted while creating a Safe Work Method Statement.

What does the principal contractor's responsibility entail?

Before beginning work, a principal contractor must take all reasonable steps to obtain a SWMS from any contractor performing high-risk work. If no SWMS exists, the principal contractor must arrange for one to be created, for example by the contractor or subcontractor.

A general contractor should establish plans to ensure that high-risk work is carried out safely and in compliance with the Safe Work Method Statement. This can be done by keeping an eye on how the SWMS is being implemented on the ground.

The principal contractors' WHS management plan must also include detailed arrangements for collecting, assessing, monitoring, and reviewing the SWMS, according to the WHS Regulations.

How to Write a Safe Work Method Statement

The quickest and most cost effective solution would be to purchase a Bluesafe SWMS Template. However, if you decide to take the route of creating your own SWMS, you can gather some ideas from the below general information.

If you're looking to create your own Excavator Use as Crane Safe Work Method Statement, the first ideal step is to create your own document as a Safe Work Method Statement Template. This way, you can use the same SWMS Template for each project, and then just make adjustments to the document for each different excavation project as needed. Just make sure that your Excavator Use as Crane SWMS Template addresses any site specific risks.

There are some fundamental requirements and information which you may want to consider adding to your Excavator Use as Crane SWMS (Excavator SWMS), such as:

  • Details of the person(s) responsible for ensuring implementation, monitoring and compliance of the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS as well as reviews and modifications of the Excavator SWMS.
  • Any information detailing safety meetings or toolbox talks in relation to excavation work, scheduled in accordance with legislative requirements to first identify any site hazards where the excavation work is being conducted, secondly to communicate those hazards and then to further take steps to either eliminate or control each hazard in relation to the excavation work being done.
  • Any changes made to the Excavator SWMS after an incident or a near miss.

Note: The Excavator SWMS must be kept and be available for inspection at least until the excavation work is completed. Where the Excavator SWMS is revised, all versions of the SWMS Template should be kept. If a notifiable incident occurs in relation to which the Excavator Safe Work Method Statement relates, then the Excavator SWMS must be kept for at least two years from the occurrence of the notifiable incident.

Your Excavator Safe Work Method Statement Template should list any high risk construction work being carried out such as:

  • Does the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS involve a risk of a person falling more than 2 meters?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out on or near pressurised gas mains or piping?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out on a telecommunication tower?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out on or near chemical, fuel or refrigerant lines?
  • Does the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS involve demolition of an element of a structure that is load-bearing?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out on or near energised electrical installations or services?
  • Does the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS involve demolition of an element related to the physical integrity of a structure?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out in an area that may have a contaminated or flammable atmosphere.
  • Does the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS involve, or is likely to involve, disturbing asbestos?
  • Does the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS involve tilt-up or precast concrete?
  • Does the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS involve structural alteration or repair that requires temporary support to prevent collapse?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out on, in or adjacent to a road, railway, shipping lane or other traffic corridor?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out in or near a confined space?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out in an area of a workplace where there is any movement of powered mobile plant?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out in/near a shaft or trench deeper than 1.5m or tunnel involving use of explosives?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out in areas with artificial extremes of temperature?
  • Is the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS carried out in or near water or other liquid that involves a risk of drowning?
  • Does the excavation work outlined in the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS involve diving work?

Your Excavator SWMS should clearly define any of the above high risk construction work being undertaken.

Your Excavator Use as Crane Safe Work Method Statement should also identify any high-risk machinery or equipment in operation near the work site, such as:

Your Excavator SWMS should clearly define any of the above high risk machinery or equipment in operation.

Your Excavator Use as Crane SWMS should also list any Personal Protective Equipment such as:

  • Foot Protection - Boots or closed in shoes
  • Hand Protection - Gloves
  • Head Protection - Hard hat or helmet
  • Hearing Protection - Ear plugs or ear muffs
  • Eye Protection - Safety glasses, goggles or face shields
  • Respiratory Protection - Face masks etc
  • Face Protection - Face shield, welding mask etc
  • High Visual Clothing
  • Protective Clothing - Overalls etc
  • Fall Protection - Safety harness, edge protection etc
  • Sun Protection - Sunscreen, hat etc
  • Hair and Jewellery Secured - Hair Net, etc

The Excavator Use as Crane SWMS must be reviewed regularly to make sure it remains effective and relevant. The Excavator Use as Crane SWMS must be reviewed (and revised if necessary) if relevant control measures in relation to excavation work are revised. The review process should be carried out in consultation with workers (including contractors and subcontractors) who may be affected by the operation of the Excavator and their health and safety representatives who represented that work group at the workplace.

When the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS has been revised, the person conducting a business or undertaking must ensure:

  1. All persons involved in the excavation work are advised that a revision has been made and how they can access the revised Excavator Use as Crane SWMS;
  2. Persons who will need to change a work procedure or system as a result of the review are advised of the changes in a way that will enable them to implement their duties consistently with the revised Excavator Use as Crane SWMS; and,
  3. Workers that will be involved in the excavation work are provided with the relevant information and instruction that will assist them to understand and implement the revised Excavator Use as Crane SWMS.

When preparing your Excavator Use as Crane SWMS, here are some topics you might want to also include to make sure you have covered as many risks and hazards as possible.

Planning and Preparation When Working With and Around an Excavator

When creating your Excavator Use as Crane SWMS, establish any policies, procedures and systems for working with excavators in consultation with the Principal Contractor and workers while being sure to establish:

  • Health and Safety guidelines for excavation work
  • Emergency plans and evacuation procedures for the Excavator SWMS
  • Worker inductions for using an excavator
  • Toolbox talks (safety meetings) added to the Excavator SWMS
  • Outline details of supervision of the site and workers on the Excavator SWMS
  • Check all workers qualifications, permits and competencies for excavator operations
  • Ensure the excavator and any related equipment is functioning correctly
  • Hazard reporting procedures in place and added to the Excavator SWMS
  • Incident reporting procedures in place and added to the Excavator SWMS
  • Exclusion zones when conducting excavation work
  • Risk Assessment for TASK completed and noted on the Excavator SWMS
  • Electrical NO GO ZONES identified, discussed and documented

Your Excavator Safe Work Method Statement should clearly outline the planning and preparation process before starting work.

Assessment of Site Conditions

Thoroughly assess the work site/area conditions when excavating and make sure that:

  1. A risk assessment of the excavation work is conducted
  2. Suitable access and adequate space to conduct excavation work safely
  3. Consult with all stakeholders on potential hazards and risks when conducting excavation work
  4. Consultation with all relevant workers and personnel for Excavator SWMS details
  5. If operating an excavator at night, ensure there is adequate lighting
  6. Check that the work environment is suitable for excavation work

Excavator Use as Crane SWMS
Excavator Use as Crane SWMS

Excavator Training and Worker Qualifications

Make sure all workers have the appropriate licenses in operating an excavator as well as any qualifications that may be required for various excavation projects before starting work. If White Cards are required, retain copies of all cards, licenses and qualifications of personnel.

All personnel must:

  1. Be trained and/or have received instructions on the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS including all safety and emergency procedures.
  2. Be qualified, knowledgeable and competent in excavator operations and excavation work as well as all delegated tasks/responsibilities
  3. Be fully aware and understand the scope of work in relation to the Excavator Use as Crane SWMS

Below are some examples of some Control Measures to be implemented when creating your own Excavator Use as Crane Safe Work Method Statement Template:

  • Earthmoving plants used as cranes must be operated only by people holding the appropriate license.
  • Only a licensed dogger must be allowed to sling complex loads and loads over 1 ton.
  • Only a licensed dogger is allowed to control any load not in the direct view of the operator.
  • Licenses - Excavator operator - Class LE.
  • Licenses - Front End Loader operator - Class LL.
  • Licenses - Backhoe/loader operator - Class LB.
  • Do not use earthmoving equipment for precision lifting or placement of loads such as multi-crane lifting, tilt-up concrete panels, and structural sheds.
  • Loads must be lifted using only approved lifting equipment such as shackles, slings, etc.
  • Before use, check all lifting gear and slings for evidence of damage, wear, etc.
  • To prevent other persons entering the work or danger area, barricade the area where plant is operating.
  • Where other Plant, etc., is present, make sure there is enough space available to swing loads.
  • To control swinging of loads such as pipes, use the tag lines attached to both ends of the pipe.
  • Do not attempt to lift loads outside the capacity of the machine.
  • For a particular machine to lift loads, use only approved attachments.
  • Loads to be lifted must be attached to approved lift points on the bucket, dipper arm or the boom.
  • A swinging load has the risk of overloading. Avoid rapid rotation of load to minimise the risk.
  • Consider using a crane for the precise placement or multi-crane lift requirements.
  • Refer to Lifting equipment.
  • Never use faulty or worn equipment.
  • Wearing high-visibility garments is recommended.
  • Adequate traffic management must be provided.
  • Never hold long loads by hand.
  • For lifting safe loads, refer to the load charts.
  • Make sure the attachments are fitted properly.
  • Make sure the lift point is a closed eye.
  • Do not allow jerky or rapid movements.
  • Make sure the sling is attached securely to the bucket eye by the correct shackle for lifting.
  • For preventing damage to sling from the blade, crowd the bucket to a fully lowered position.
  • When transporting load, keep the load low to the ground and travel at walking pace.
  • After load is placed, raise the bucket only after making sure the sling is detached and is clear of load.
  • Before using, check the WLL of the shackle.
  • Do not allow the blade edge to contact sling.
  • Allow only minimum swinging of load.
  • When placing the load, put packing under it.
  • Do not attempt to lift loads beyond the rated capacity of the machine.
  • For a particular machine to lift loads, use only approved attachments.
  • Loads to be lifted must be attached to approved lift points on the bucket, dipper arm or the boom.
  • When swinging and lifting heavy loads, make sure of good footing and extend stabilisers.
  • When transporting load, keep the load low to the ground and travel at walking pace.
  • Do not allow rapid rotation of boom for minimising uncontrolled swinging of load.
  • To control swinging of loads such as pipes, use the tag lines attached to both ends of the pipe.
  • At the lift point, make sure the WLL is displayed.
  • Make sure the attachments are fitted properly.
  • Never attach slings to the bucket teeth.
  • Do not allow the blade edge to contact sling.
  • Allow only minimum swinging of load.
  • Do not allow jerky or rapid movements.
  • Wearing hand and foot protection is recommended.
  • Do not attempt to lift loads beyond the rated capacity of the machine.
  • For a particular machine to lift loads, use only approved attachments.
  • Loads to be lifted must be attached to approved lift points on the bucket, dipper arm or the boom.
  • When transporting load, keep the load low to the ground and travel at walking pace.
  • Do not allow rapid rotation of boom for minimising uncontrolled swinging of load.
  • To control swinging of loads such as pipes, use the tag lines attached to both ends of the pipe.
  • At the lift point, make sure the WLL is displayed.
  • Make sure the attachments are fitted properly.
  • Never attach slings to the bucket teeth.
  • Allow only minimum swinging of load.
  • Do not allow jerky or rapid movements.
  • Wearing hand and foot protection is recommended.
  • Do not attempt to lift loads beyond the rated capacity of the machine.
  • For a particular machine to lift loads, use only approved attachments.
  • Loads to be lifted must be attached to approved lift points on the bucket, dipper arm or the boom.
  • Do not allow rapid rotation of boom for minimising uncontrolled swinging of load.
  • To control swinging of loads such as pipes, use the tag lines attached to both ends of the pipe.
  • At the lift point, make sure the WLL is displayed.
  • Make sure the attachments are fitted properly.
  • Before use, inspect the attachment points.
  • Allow only minimum swinging of load.
  • Do not allow jerky or rapid movements.
  • If machinery will be parked at the worksite area, be sure to park the plant, machinery or vehicle in a safe place, if possible, under cover and out of the weather and ensuring to remove all keys, spare keys and valuables. Always lock the plant, machinery or equipment after use.
  • After using work equipment, always use gloves while cleaning down the tools and machines, in order to avoid cuts, lacerations and burns from hot material such as hot metal, fragmented discs or tool parts. Be sure to inspect the piece of equipment for any damage, and if damaged be sure to attach lockout tags and document the requirements in an equipment maintenance register.

National: View the Model Codes of Practice for Excavation Work on Safe Work Australia's website here.
Victoria: Victoria's Code of Practice for Excavation Work may be viewed on Work Safe Victoria's website here.